Ancient Romans were not shy about celebrating their affinity for male genitalia. Some historians go so far as to describe the Romans as phallocentric. Phallic charms, or fascinum, have been found in ruins throughout the former empire, particularly in the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were buried in volcanic ash when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. While erections during this time period often popped up in erotic art, phalluses were also incorporated into everyday artifacts, and symbolized idealistic male virtues like strength, virility and prosperity. In this way, phalluses were used as good luck charms to fend off evil and ensure good fortune. The National Archeological Museum in Naples, Italy, houses a large collection of artifacts that feature the popular symbol. Below are some of the most common types of objects that incorporate this imagery.